On many occasions, hamsters are the first pets for children and adolescents. These rodents are a good option for the little ones in the house because they are friendly, tiny and, best of all, they are easy and cheap to maintain. With due care and attention, hamsters can live up to five years, but to make your life healthy, you must take into account some details about the care of this small rodent, such as providing a proper feed or looking for a good cage in the what to live That's why we give you some tips on how to care for a hamster .
Cages suitable for hamsters
The first thing is to think about where the animal will live. There are cages for big and small hamsters, everything will depend on the money that you can spend and the amount of these animals that you are going to have. However, the quality of the cage is also important, because if the material is bad it can oxidize and spoil quickly.
Where to buy a quality hamster cage
Ideally, buy it in an animal shop, instead of in bazaars, where the material of their products are cheaper and, therefore, of lower quality. Think that a hamster is a rodent, which means that it will probably bite the bars and other parts of the cage, so the more good the material is, the better it will be for our pet's health.
Where to put the cage of a hamster
The first step you should take to know how to care for a hamster is to place the cage in a place that is away from drafts and direct sunlight . Therefore, it is recommended that you choose a place in the house where the animal is in perfect condition to live without too cold or heat.
Chip or hamster sawdust
To get the hamster to live in a comfortable environment, it is recommended that you cover the floor of the cage with a layer of wood shavings or not very fine sawdust, because if the touch is similar to dust, it can become toxic to our pet.
Pine wood shavings are the best, because they are absorbent and non-toxic and will get your hamster in a padded and hygienic space. In addition, some hamsters take wood chips to make their own nests, or even to wallow in them.
Drinkers for hamsters
To care for your hamster in an appropriate way, you must keep a drinker of drinking water connected to the cage at an accessible height for the animal. You must bear in mind that the water should not touch the wood chips, because if they get wet they can decompose and cause your hamster to get sick.
Regarding water, it is important that you change the water daily to the hamster to prevent the accumulation of waste and proliferate bacteria that may cause a problem in the health of your pet. Hygiene is essential for the hamster to live in good conditions.
There are different sizes and models of drinking fountains for hamsters. However, like the cage, we recommend that you look for the health of your rodent and get the drinker in a pet store, since in other bazaars of less confidence the material is not so good, and the water could not be preserved correctly.
Toys for home hamsters
Another way you have to care for your hamster is by providing different toys that are designed so that the animal can gnaw them. For example, hamsters adore the cardboard tubes that are inside rolls of toilet paper, but you can also use small cardboard boxes, tree branches to climb them, etc.
Another option is that you go to an animal store or a veterinarian. There you will find a lot of gadgets designed for this purpose, and they can even advise you if you need it.
Houses or nests for hamsters
It is also important that you create a comfortable sleeping space differentiated from the rest of the cage. Therefore, we recommend that you make a box for your hamster to sleep inside, cutting a 2 or 3 cm door in a small closed cardboard box. Place the box in a corner of the cage and you will have created a "bed" for your pet.
The hamster will fill the box with shavings and pieces chewed by the cardboard tubes of the toilet paper and use the box as a bedroom. It will not urinate in the box, so it can be used for many months before replacing it.
On the other hand, many cages already come with a house for hamsters, usually plastic. But you also have the option of going to an animal shop and buying the house that you like the most. However, we recommend that you buy a wooden house, because if it is plastic the hamster will gnaw it, and it could be harmful to the animal.
Materials for the house or nest of hamsters
To fill the house or nest to your hamster and make it comfortable, you can make strips of toilet paper and place them near your sleeping area. He himself will take them, make the thinner strips and put them inside the house.
Another option is to buy a special preparation for the nests of hamsters in an animal shop. They are usually like cottons, usually orange, which they adapt for their home. However, if you did not put anything on it, the rodents would take the chips from the ground and put them inside their new house.
Food for hamsters
Feed your hamster with a commercially prepared food mix for hamsters once or twice a day. These foods usually contain pipes, corn and seeds, mainly. It is also advisable that you provide a small amount of fruits and vegetables all year round. When introducing new foods, initially give small portions so that your system can get used to them.
In we give you some tips for what you know to take care of a hamster correctly in the following articles:
- How to feed a hamster.
- What fruits can my hamster eat?
- What vegetables can my hamster eat?
We also recommend that you put your food in a bowl inside the cage, that the hamsters are very modest and may not want to eat if their food touches with areas where they have done their needs.
Wheels and exercise balls for hamsters
Encourage him to exercise by putting an exercise wheel in his cage. Let them exercise out of their cage inside a plastic ball specially designed for them available in pet stores, although many times they already come with the cage. If your hamster is very passive and does not want to exercise, take him out of his cage and let him run on the hamster exercise ball . This option is also very good so that your hamster feels more freedom, since it will be able to run throughout the house without fear of being lost. Even so, we recommend that when you put the hamster inside a ball, make sure it does not go near stairs or places where it could fall and hurt itself.
If, on the other hand, your hamster is very active and keeps you awake at night, you can remove the wheel before going to bed and put it back when you wake up.
Periodically wash the hamster's cage
It is also important that you wash your hamster's cage at least once a week . Remove the hamster to a safe and clean place with water and a little disinfectant in the cage. Clean any residue from the interior and add clean shavings before putting the hamster back inside.
It is also important that you remove any fruit and vegetables that your pet has not eaten after two days have elapsed. Fresh foods that develop mold can make your hamster sick.
As the hamsters are active during the night, the best time to clean the cage is in the afternoon or in the morning, never at noon, when the hamsters prefer to rest undisturbed.
Can the hamsters be bathed?
Another aspect that you must take into account if you want to know how to take care of a hamster is that you should never bathe it . These animals are cleaned alone, so it is not necessary (or advisable) to bathe them.
If you notice that your hamster stinks, the smell probably comes from dirty shavings. Clean the hamster's cage more often, and in a few days you will notice the difference. If your animal still smells a lot, you can prepare a bowl of sand for hamsters, so he can bathe himself and neutralize the smell.
Tips for caring for a hamster
To take good care of your hamster, we advise you to keep the following in mind:
- Choose a young hamster : not only for monkey, but for sociability. If you have them since you were little, they will get used to you much better than if you buy them as adults. Also, if you get used to them, you will prevent them from biting other people when they come to touch him.
- Domesticate your hamster : do it by manipulating it daily and rewarding calm behavior with vegetables.
- Young children can take care of their hamsters : they can be good owners of hamsters, but they must be supervised by an adult when handling the animal and cleaning the cage.
- Separate your hamsters if they have offspring : if you have a couple of hamsters, and these breed, it is best to separate the male from the cage, since it could be the case that the female attacked to kill him to defend their young.