Requirements to be military

To obtain a place in the Spanish Armed Forces, the applicant must meet a series of requirements. Among these we find the nationality, a certain age range, a minimum level of studies, as well as a good citizen behavior. A soldier must offer a concrete, responsible and authoritative image, and this is requested by the Ministry of Defense. In this article we show you in detail what are the requirements to be military.


To be a soldier, sailor or officer, the required nationality is Spanish. However, if you are a foreigner you can also access as a sailor or officer, but only under the following nationalities:

  • Colombia
  • Costa Rica
  • Bolivia
  • Argentina
  • Chile
  • The Savior
  • Ecuador
  • Equatorial Guinea
  • Nicaragua
  • Honduras
  • Panama
  • Mexico
  • Dominican Republic
  • Paraguay
  • Uruguay
  • Venezuela
  • Peru
  • Guatemala


To be a soldier or sailor, age ranges from 18 to 29 years old on the same day as the incorporation into the Military Training Center.

For officers, the age ranges between 18 and the maximum age stipulated by the call, which in some cases is 23, and in others, up to 33 years.

Height and weight

As for the minimum height, only people over 1'55 meters and a maximum of 2.03 meters are allowed. Regarding the Royal Guard, the minimum that is accepted is 1.65 meters in men and 1.60 meters in women.

On the other hand, the ideal weight does not correspond to a particular figure, but this must be proportional to its height, showing a harmonious constitution.

Regarding the body mass index (BMI), which is obtained with the formula BMI = (weight in kg) / (height in meters) ², it must be greater than 18 and must not exceed 29. If it is higher than 29, it can be accepted if it is due to a marked muscular development.


The fundamental requirement in the category of studies to enter any military center of the Armed Forces is to have obtained at least the title of Graduate in Compulsory Secondary Education or equivalent. The level of studies depends on the specialty, oscillating between the possession of the School Graduate, the passing of the entrance exam to intermediate vocational training cycles, the degree as a Technical Degree or the passing of the entrance exam to the cycles formative of higher degree. Regarding those who wish to enter as officers, they must have passed the entrance exam to the University.

Legal status

Of essential character to qualify for a position as a military are the following conditions:

  • Do not have a criminal record.
  • Not have any judicial proceeding open as imputed or prosecuted.
  • Not be deprived of civil rights.
  • Not be disabled to exercise public functions.
  • Not have been nor be separated from the service of any Public Administration, nor of the constitutional or statutory bodies of the autonomous communities through a disciplinary record.

Physical tests

For recruitment a series of physical tests are carried out . Among these, the following minimum marks must be achieved:

  • Long jump : men 145 / 187cm, women 121/156 cm.
  • Abdominals : men 15/27, women 10/18.
  • Flexo-arm extensions : men 5/10, women 3/6.
  • Roundtrip 20 meters : men 5 / 6'5 periods, women 3'5 / 5 periods.

Exclusion medical chart

The candidate can not suffer from any of the following diseases:

  • Epilepsy.
  • Mental disorders.
  • Schizophrenia.
  • Metabolic diseases.
  • Extensive dermatoses.
  • Parasitic diseases.
  • Pseudoarthrosis
  • Cardiomyopathies
  • Immunoallergic diseases.
  • Infectious diseases.
  • Chronic conjunctivitis

Personal interview

After an aptitude test, the candidate will conduct a personal interview with the Officer of the Military Corps of Health, who will advise him on the most recommended specialty according to his profile in the Armed Forces, as well as his results in the tests carried out .


Another requirement is not to have any tattoo that represents a dishonor to the image of the Armed Forces, or contrary to any constitutional or authoritarian value. Tattoos of an obscene or sexual nature, racial or religious will not be accepted. On the other hand, a tattoo is not allowed to be visible with the uniform.